cold-ironing ocean-going vessels while docked at California ports. Cold-ironing refers to shutting down auxiliary engines on ships while in port and connecting to electrical power supplied at the dock, thus eliminating virtually all emissions from a ship while it is in port. …
Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers.
TAP2012 19th International Transport and Air Pollution Conference Thessaloniki (Greece), 26-27 November 2012 Emission reduction in port with Cold Ironing: Italy national case study 1 1 1 1 1 C.Trozzi *, E.Bianchi , E.Piscitello , R.Vaccaro , C.Serafini 1 Techne Consulting, Via G. Ricci Curbastro, 34, Rome, Italy, firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract The paper reports the large scale three years ...
Cold ironing, onshore power supply and shore connection refer to the same process: plugging ships into the national grid. By turning ship engines off while at berth, and thus cutting emissions, shore connection enables a considerable reduction of emissions in ports areas, says Lorène Grandidier, Shore Connection Strategic Marketing Manager of Schneider Electric.
One approach to reduce hotelling emissions is called cold ironing. Cold ironing is a process where shore power is provided to the vessel, allowing it to shut down its auxiliary generators. This technology has been used by the military at naval bases for many decades when ships are docked for long periods.
LNG fueled barge for cold ironing: feasibility study for the emission abatement in the Port of Genoa Article (PDF Available) · February 2018 with 156 Reads Cite this publication
cold-ironing ocean-going vessels while docked at California ports. Cold-ironing ... A. Purpose of Study The ARB, port operators, and the local air districts have identified several strategies to reduce health impacts posed by hotelling emissions at California ports. The analysis presented in this cold-ironing report will provide information
5/30/2007 · Deltaport Third Berth Container Terminal Cold Ironing Feasibility Study FINAL Page 1 (06095clh/2007-05-30) Executive Summary The provision of power from shore to shipping vessels is known as cold ironing. This report is focussed on the feasibility of cold ironing container ships as part of the Deltaport Third Berth Project
For net-shape with associated close tolerances to be achieved, a scientific understanding of the elastic distortions arising in the tooling is necessary. To become a useful process, cold ironing as a post-forging operation of warm forged gears needs a clear understanding of form errors due to die-elasticity and springback of component shape.
Vessel Cold-Ironing Using a Barge Mounted PEM Fuel Cell: Project Scoping and Feasibility . Joseph W. Pratt and Aaron P. Harris . Prepared by Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 and Livermore, California 94550 . Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation,
As mentioned above, the most important consideration in cold forming of the drum clutch with inner gears is to ensure the dimensional accuracy of the inner gears. Especially, this greatly depends on the punch shape and the thickness reduction ratio. Thus, the ironing process in which the inner gears were formed was the focus of this study.
Request PDF on ResearchGate | A study of cold ironing as a post-process for net-shape manufacture | Cold forming processes have the potential to enable net-shape components to be made. For net ...
6. CASE STUDY Two harmonic case studies were conducted and one cold-ironing case study. The harmonic case studies conducted compared measurements on one particular vessel that had undergone an upgrade to its existing PDS. Therefore, the ships harmonic content before and after the upgrade was obtained. 6.1 CASE STUDY 1-HARMONICS MEASURED
Cold Ironing - Externe Stromversorgung für Schiffe im Hafen. Pamela Brieske, Diplomarbeit, 2007 Hochschule Bremen (PDF, 109 Seiten; 4,2 MB) A Cold Ironing Study on Modern Ports, Implementation and Benefits Thriving for Worldwide Ports. Diplomarbeit, 2012, Nationale Technische Universität Athen (PDF, 139 Seiten; 10,0 MB)
ColdIroning.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. O Scribd é o maior site social de leitura e publicação do mundo. Buscar Buscar. Fechar sugestões. Enviar. Entrar. Assinar. Início. Salvos. Best-sellers. Livros. Audiolivros. Revistas. Documentos.
Popu ation for Cost Effective Cold Ironing for the Port of Long B each (November 19.2004) Emissions Factor Assumptions based on E nTec Repor t to the Eurpean C ommunity (July 2002 ) JH004726a.ppt 13 ESTIMATED COST EFFECTIVENESS ASSUMPTIONS: Shore Side Cost $5,000,000 Per Berth 1 Berth
Cold-Ironing as a Cost-Effective Tool for Improving Sustainability in the Shipping Industry By Paul-Harvey Weiner Advisor: Dr. Martin Smith Master’s Project, Spring 2012 ... study put it, “the domain of supply chain management offers new opportunities for
Cold ironing (or onshore power supply) addresses airborne emissions while ships are berthed in port. By providing the electrical power demands from shoreside electricity, the onboard auxiliary generators can be switched off for a locally emission-free solution. The net emissions will of course be dependent on the actual shoreside electricity mix, but reductions can be realised in most cases.
Vessel Cold-Ironing Using a Barge Mounted PEM Fuel Cell: Project Scoping and Feasibility. Showing 1-4 of 89 pages in this report . PDF Version Also Available for Download.
This concept note highlights a number of the issues around cold ironing and highlights how any cold ironing infrastructure that takes advantage of PortCDM could help reduce the economic barriers for the effective cold ironing of ships by ensuring the most efficient and effective use of shore power facilities.
Feasibility Study on Cold Ironing for Ships at Berth. 2 3 Feasibility Study for Proposed Rule 1165 • Major Concerns Raised –High Cost and Long-term Effort to Retrofit and Expand Utility Lines, Substations, and Ships –Safety and Fire Danger while Ships are Connected and Disconnected from Shore-
Port of San Diego Activities for Cold-Ironing Commissioned SDG&E to conduct a cold-ironing feasibility study for TAMT and CST in February 2006 Appropriations requested for $5 million congressional earmarking for cold-ironing at TAMT and CST
Brochure Cold Ironing Eng - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online. Cold Ironing
The feasibility study for the project, prepared by Enel, was delivered today fully in line with the deadline set in the agreement, mapping out the innovative low-environmental-impact solutions. Specifically, the feasibility study included the “cold ironing” plan. Such a plan has been
Study of elastic deformation on dimensional accuracy in ironing process of spur gear Yan Gao 1, Rui Zhou1, Yu-Cheng Wu1, Heng-Li1, Wen-Lin Chen1 and Xiang-Qian Xu2 Abstract The cold ironing process of awarm forged spur gear was applied to investigate the elastic distortions arising by the beha-
4 Cold Ironing projected load • Floating residential customer equivalence • 1,000 residential customers per 1MW = 24,000 new customers for cruise ship terminal at 24MW • Very high costs to change existing electric infrastructure • New load = new substation • Difference in supply voltage levels – customer expense • 6.6kV is not a standard CPUC Rule 2 Supply voltage
Energy (DOE) Office of Oil and Natural Gas decided to conduct a limited study to review and analyze available literature on cold cracking technology and its application to crude refining. Purpose of Work The main purpose of this limited study was to conduct a literature search on “cold cracking” of
The feasibility study for the project, prepared by Enel, was delivered today fully in line with the deadline set in the agreement, mapping out the innovative low-environmental-impact solutions. Specifically, the feasibility study included the cold ironing plan.
Berth 121 Cold Ironing Project A BP and Port of Long Beach Joint Project. ... (Environ LB Port Study - 2004) 69.3 2.9 6.34 0.8 51.9 BASE CASE: No changes No SSP’s ; 0.8% S fuel oil 0 0 0 0. Title: Berth 121 Cold Ironing Project a BP and Port of Long Beach Joint Project Created Date:
Key Study Elements • Evaluate Vessel Fleet Calling Long Beach • Select Representative Ships for Detailed Study • Calculate Hotelling Mode Power Demand and Resultant Emissions • Develop Concepts for Retrofitting Cold Ironing System and Other Control Options • Estimate Cost-Effectiveness of All Options • Identify Political and ...
PTI Cold Ironing Economics - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online. PTI Cold Ironing Economics
4/11/2019 · - PDF. All materials on our website are shared by users. ... v 5.2.1 Port of Los Angeles Port of Oslo The Port of Gothenburg The benefits and challenges of the use of cold ironing CASE STUDY: COLD IRONING AT MOMBASA PORT Overview of Mombasa Port Mombasa port performance Cargo Throughput Vessel performance Vessel calls and port time Mombasa ...
”Basic Engineering Study of the LNG Refuelling Station in Koper. View PDF Download. Studies for the LNG bunkering station for road transport and maritime transport in Luka Koper. ” The possible use of LNG to fuel handling machinery in ports” ... “Cold ironing” ...
For this study, we prepared a number of sulfurized oleﬁns with well-deﬁned molecular structures and examined their performance by way of a burring test [12,13], which can simulate the condition of cold ironing. It is thought that the combinatorial effect of using organo-sulfur compounds with
Lüder’s bands can be eliminated by cold-rolling the thickness by 0.5-1.5%. • Anisotropy – Crystallographic and mechanical fibering anisotropy • Grain Size effect on mechanical properties • Residual Stress, Springback and Wrinkling • Testing method – Cupping test – Forming Limit Diagram. Y. upper. Y. lower
Ironing is the use of a machine, usually a heated tool (an iron), to remove wrinkles from fabric. The heating is commonly done to a temperature of 180–220 °Celsius, depending on the fabric. Ironing works by loosening the bonds between the long-chain polymer molecules in the fibers of the material. While the molecules are hot, the fibers are ...
effectiveness estimates for conceptual designs for cold ironing. Costs were also estimated to provide shorepower. These figures were then used to calculate the cost-effectiveness of cold ironing on a cost per ton of emissions reduction for each study vessel, with ENVIRON stating that the estimates were based on many assumptions and not reviewed
effort by IEC, ISO and IEEE to establish an international standard for Cold Ironing – High Voltage Connection Systems which at the time of the issuance of this Guide is under development. The applicable edition of the Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels is …
POWER (“COLD IRONING”) Luke Mahier, Parsons Brinckerhoff Nicholas C. Kozma, Port of Long Beach Ben Chavdarian, Port of Long Beach TRB 2006 Summer Conference - July 11, 2006. Air Emissions Reduction Programs at the Port ... Built for Pilot Study Near Sacramento, CA By: ACTI.
Cold Ironing There is mixed opinion about use of cold ironing aka shore power from MECHANICAL 2.611 at Massachusetts Institute of Technology Find Study Resources Main Menu
For this study, we prepared a number of sulfurized olefins with well-defined molecular structures and examined their performance by way of a burring test [12,13], which can simulate the condition of cold ironing. It is thought that the combinatorial effect of using organo-sulfur compounds with overbased calcium sulfonate is closely related to ...
CARE PRACTICES FOR FLUOROCARBON TREATED GARMENTS: A CASE STUDY . Elizabeth P. Easter, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY ... such as through ironing or tumble drying, is required for the onset of water-and-oil ... (warm and cold) and the effects of ironing and orientation of the garment, that is inside out or right side